seeing through the eyes of scriptures
dear Gokulchandra Prabhu
Please accept my humble obaisences
All glories to Srila Prabhupada
I like to share with you and devotee a few things about hell and sins and chanting first is some nice quotes from Srila Rupa Goswamis, Padyavali and some quotes from 6 canto of Srimad Bhagavatam:
alam alam iyam eva praninam patakanam
nirasana-vishaye ya krishna krishneti vani
yadi bhavati mukunde bhaktir ananda-sandra
viluthati caranabje moksha-samrajya-lakshmih
The words “Krishna!” “Krishna!” are sufficient to purify the people’s sins. If they have blissful service to Lord Mukunda, then the goddess of liberation bows before their lotus feet.
vepante duritani moha-mahima sammoham alambate
satankam nakha-ranjanim kalayati shri-citraguptah kriti
sanandam madhu-parka-sambhriti-vidhau vedhah karoty udyamam
vaktum namni taveshvarabhilashite brumah kim anyat param
O Supreme Personality of Godhead, when someone desires to chant Your holy name, sins tremble in fear, the glory of material illusion faints unconscious, Yamaraja’s scribe Citragupta becomes happy and gazes at the chanter’s toenails with awe and reverence, and Lord Brahma prepares madhu-parka to worship him. O Lord, what more can we say than this?
ko bhaved atha tadiya-kinkarah
kantha-pitham urari-karoti cet
Lord Krishna’s holy name is the only auspiciousness in this world. If one keeps it in his throat, then what is Yamaraja, the king of the other world, to him? What are Yamaraja’s sevants to him?
vicintyani punah punah
tvan-namani bhavantu nah
O Lord, just as a miser continually collects, counts and remembers his money, in the same way let us continually collect, count, and remember Your holy names,
aho ahobhir na kaler viduyate
sudha-su-dhara-madhuram pade pade
dine dine candana-candra-shitalam
yasho yashoda-tanayasya giyate
One who daily sings the glories of Yashoda’s son, Krishna, which are cooling as sandalwood and camphor, is not troubled by the days of Kali-yuga. For him at every step there is a torrential flood of the sweetest nectar.
tatraiva ganga yamuna ca tatra
godavari tatra sarasvati ca
sarvani tirthani vasanti tatra
The Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Sarasvati, as well as all holy places of pilgrimage, stay where the transcendental topics of the infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead are narrated,
In Srimad Bhagavatam we find these instructions of Yamaraja to the Yamadutas:
SB 6.3.20-21: Lord Brahmā, Bhagavān Nārada, Lord Śiva, the four Kumāras, Lord Kapila [the son of Devahūti], Svāyambhuva Manu, Prahlāda Mahārāja,Janaka Mahārāja, Grandfather Bhīṣma, Bali Mahārāja, Śukadeva Gosvāmī and I myself know the real religious principle. My dear servants, this transcendental religious principle, which is known as bhāgavata-dharma, or surrender unto the Supreme Lord and love for Him, is uncontaminated by the material modes of nature. It is very confidential and difficult for ordinary human beings to understand, but if by chance one fortunately understands it, he is immediately liberated, and thus he returns home, back to Godhead.
SB 6.3.22: Devotional service, beginning with the chanting of the holy name of the Lord, is the ultimate religious principle for the living entity in human society.
SB 6.3.23: My dear servants, who are as good as my sons, just see how glorious is the chanting of the holy name of the Lord. The greatly sinful Ajāmilachanted only to call his son, not knowing that he was chanting the Lord's holy name. Nevertheless, by chanting the holy name of the Lord, he rememberedNārāyaṇa, and thus he was immediately saved from the ropes of death.
SB 6.3.24: Therefore it should be understood that one is easily relieved from all sinful reactions by chanting the holy name of the Lord and chanting of His qualities and activities. This is the only process recommended for relief from sinful reactions. Even if one chants the holy name of the Lord with improper pronunciation, he will achieve relief from material bondage if he chants without offenses. Ajāmila, for example, was extremely sinful, but while dying he merely chanted the holy name, and although calling his son, he achieved complete liberation because he remembered the name of Nārāyaṇa.
SB 6.3.25: Because they are bewildered by the illusory energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Yājñavalkya and Jaimini and other compilers of the religious scriptures cannot know the secret, confidential religious system of the twelve mahājanas. They cannot understand the transcendental value of performing devotional service or chanting the Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra. Because their minds are attracted to the ritualistic ceremonies mentioned in the Vedas — especially the Yajur Veda, Sāma Veda and Ṛg Veda — their intelligence has become dull. Thus they are busy collecting the ingredients for ritualistic ceremonies that yield only temporary benefits, such as elevation to Svargaloka for material happiness. They are not attracted to the sańkīrtana movement; instead, they are interested in dharma, artha, kāma and mokṣa.
SB 6.3.26: Considering all these points, therefore, intelligent men decide to solve all problems by adopting the devotional service of chanting the holy name of the Lord, who is situated in everyone's heart and who is a mine of all auspicious qualities. Such persons are not within my jurisdiction for punishment. Generally they never commit sinful activities, but even if by mistake or because of bewilderment or illusion they sometimes commit sinful acts, they are protected from sinful reactions because they always chant the Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra.
SB 6.3.27: My dear servants, please do not approach such devotees, for they have fully surrendered to the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They are equal to everyone, and their narrations are sung by the demigods and the inhabitants of Siddhaloka. Please do not even go near them. They are always protected by the club of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and therefore Lord Brahmā and I and even the time factor are not competent to chastise them.
SB 6.3.28: Paramahaḿsas are exalted persons who have no taste for material enjoyment and who drink the honey of the Lord's lotus feet. My dear servants, bring to me for punishment only persons who are averse to the taste of that honey, who do not associate with paramahaḿsas and who are attached to family life and worldly enjoyment, which form the path to hell.
SB 6.3.29: My dear servants, please bring to me only those sinful persons who do not use their tongues to chant the holy name and qualities of Kṛṣṇa, whose hearts do not remember the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa even once, and whose heads do not bow down even once before Lord Kṛṣṇa. Send me those who do not perform their duties toward Viṣṇu, which are the only duties in human life. Please bring me all such fools and rascals.
SB 6.3.30: [Then Yamarāja, considering himself and his servants to be offenders, spoke as follows, begging pardon from the Lord.] O my Lord, my servants have surely committed a great offense by arresting a Vaiṣṇava such as Ajāmila. O Nārāyaṇa, O supreme and oldest person, please forgive us. Because of our ignorance, we failed to recognize Ajāmila as a servant of Your Lordship, and thus we have certainly committed a great offense. Therefore with folded hands we beg Your pardon. My Lord, since You are supremely merciful and are always full of good qualities, please pardon us. We offer our respectful obeisances unto You.
In Harinama cintamani Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has described how even inattentive chanting may give some result such as freedom from going to Yamaraja, as devotees do all the right thing they will never go to hell even if they did only to preach, and by their preaching they will free everyone
Parvati cursed Citraketu who later became Vrtasura and Lord Siva glorified him:
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 6.17.28
na kutaścana bibhyati
Devotees solely engaged in the devotional service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nārāyaṇa, never fear any condition of life. For them the heavenly planets, liberation and the hellish planets are all the same, for such devotees are interested only in the service of the Lord.
I recall reading in sastra about a devotee going to hell by his chanting the holy names of Krsna he freed everyone,I would have to look where it is from.I believe I read it in Srila Prabhupadas Nectar of devotion.
Kindly also see the beautiful verses spoken by Lord Siva to Parvati SB 6.17.27 to 35:
SB 6.17.27: Lord Śiva said: My dear beautiful Pārvatī, have you seen the greatness of the Vaiṣṇavas? Being servants of the servants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari, they are great souls and are not interested in any kind of material happiness.
SB 6.17.28: Devotees solely engaged in the devotional service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nārāyaṇa, never fear any condition of life. For them the heavenly planets, liberation and the hellish planets are all the same, for such devotees are interested only in the service of the Lord.
SB 6.17.29: Because of the actions of the Supreme Lord's external energy, the living entities are conditioned in contact with material bodies. The dualities of happiness and distress, birth and death, curses and favors, are natural by-products of this contact in the material world.
SB 6.17.30: As one mistakenly considers a flower garland to be a snake or experiences happiness and distress in a dream, so, in the material world, by a lack of careful consideration, we differentiate between happiness and distress, considering one good and the other bad.
SB 6.17.31: Persons engaged in devotional service to Lord Vāsudeva, Kṛṣṇa, have naturally perfect knowledge and detachment from this material world. Therefore such devotees are not interested in the so-called happiness or so-called distress of this world.
SB 6.17.32: Neither I [Lord Śiva], nor Brahmā, nor the Aśvinī-kumāras, nor Nārada or the other great sages who are Brahmā's sons, nor even the demigods can understand the pastimes and personality of the Supreme Lord. Although we are part of the Supreme Lord, we consider ourselves independent, separate controllers, and thus we cannot understand His identity.
SB 6.17.33: He holds no one as very dear and no one as inimical. He has no one for His own relative, and no one is alien to Him. He is actually the soul of the soul of all living entities. Thus He is the auspicious friend of all living beings and is very near and dear to all of them.
SB 6.17.34-35: This magnanimous Citraketu is a dear devotee of the Lord. He is equal to all living entities and is free from attachment and hatred. Similarly, I am also very dear to Lord Nārāyaṇa. Therefore, no one should be astonished to see the activities of the most exalted devotees of Nārāyaṇa, for they are free from and envy. They are always peaceful, and they are equal to everyone.
To protect the devotees from maya the most meciful Lord Caitanya has advised to daily chant 64 rounds of the Hare Krishna Mahamanta
"Without cheating anyone, we should boldly proclaim the truth to everyone. Even if the truth is unpopular, if it bestows genuine auspiciousness on the living entities we must speak it. Unless we fearlessly speak the truth, Sri Sri Guru-Gauranga will not be pleased. The more determined one is in devotional service, the bolder and more courageous he will be as a preacher."
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura
Lord Caitanya gave 4 sets of 16 rounds, so that is 64 rounds, and why would anyone
only chant 16 if the Supreme Lord Caitanya has asked to chant 64, it is like a doctor that gives you 4 pills but you think I only will take one, some only take half of one pill
8 rounds..lets offer obaisences to the Supreme physician LordCaitanya and take the full dose, at least chant 16 minimum as ordered by Srila Prabhupada
The Hare Krishna Explosion, p. 63, by Hayagriva dasa, Palace Press 1985:
"Now that you have beads," Swamiji says the next morning, "you should chant sixty-four rounds every day."
"Sixty-four rounds?" To pronounce every word of the mantra distinctly, we require five minutes to chant a round. Sixty-four rounds would
take over five hours. "Impossible!" we say. "We'll never have the time."
"All right," Swamiji says. "Thirty-two rounds."
"Impossible," we say. "We'll never be able to do it. It's way too much."
"All right," Swamiji says. "Sixteen rounds. No less.
Srila Prabhupada called the word impossible to be in a fools dictionary
Srila Prabhupada promised that those who followed the regulative principles of Bhakti not chanting less than 16 rounds following 4 regs and doing the other 64
items of Bhakti as good as possible ,and distributing his books (and doing Harinama) will go back to Krishna.He did want us to read Srimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavad Gita
these sacred books frees anyone who reads them and all their past ancestors from hell(this is very clear from Gita Mahatmaya and Bhagavat Mahatmya)
Even wearing Tulsi and Tilaka as devotees do is so auspiscious I am giving a link to a block about the power of Gopi chandan and it is mentioned
by Garga Muni that anyone that hears the glories of Gopi chandan goes back to Krishna.
The Glories of Gopi-chandana Tilak
According to Vaishnava tradition, gopi-chandana, or the sacred soil from Dwaraka or Vrnadavan, is applied on the body in twelve places while reciting mantras to Lord Vishnu. This process purifies one's body, designating it as a temple of the Lord. Besides purification, the tilak also offers the wearer protection from ghosts, evil influences, bad dreams, accidents and many other things. It keeps one's mind calm and allows one to constantly remember Lord Krishna. The sacred dust of vrndavan is said to have touched the lotus feet of Sri Krishna's exclusive devotees and is worship able even by Sri Krishna himself.
The following story from the Garga Samhita describes the wonderful glories of the sacred mud known as gopi-chandana.
(From Garga Samhita, Canto Six, Chapter Fifteen )
Text 15 yasya sravana-matrena
gopinam yatra vaso 'bhut
tena gopi-bhuvah smrtah
Simply by hearing about Gopi-bhumi, which is so named because the gopis resided there, one become free from the bondage of karma.
In Gopi-bhumi gopi-chandana was manifested from the gopis' cosmetics. A person who marks his limbs with gopi-chandana tilaka attains the result of bathing in the
punyam tasya dine dine
mudrito yah sada bhavet
A person who daily wears gopi-chandana tilaka attains the pious result of daily bathing in all sacred rivers.
vratani ca tathaiva ca
krtani tena nityam vai
sa krtartho na samsayah
A person who daily wears gopi-chandana tilaka attains the result of performing a thousand asvamedha-yajnas and a hundred rajasuya-yajnas. He attains the reusult of giving charity and following vows at all holy places. He attains the goal of life. Of this there is no doubt.
tasmad dasa-gunam punyam
Twice as sacred as the mud of the Ganga is the dust of Chitrakuta. Ten times more sacred than that is the dust of Panchavati-tirtha.
tasmac chata-gunam punyam
A hundred times more sacred is the dust of gopi-chandana. Please know that gopi-chandana is equal to the dust of Vrindavana.
yadi papa-satair yutam
tam netum na yamah sakto
yama-dutah kutah punah
Even if in the past he has committed hundreds of sins, if a person wears gopi-chandana tilaka, then Yamaraja cannot take him away. How, then, can Yamaraja's messengers touch him?
nityam karoti yah papi
sa prayati harer dhama
golokam prakrteh param
A sinner who daily wears gopi-chandana tilaka goes to Lord Krishna supreme abode, Goloka, which is beyond the world of matter.
dirghabahur iti srutah
In Sindhu-desa there was a king named Dirghabahu. He was cruel and sinful and he was addicted to visiting prostitutes.
tena vai bharate varse
krtas tena duratmana
While he was on the earth this cruel sinner murdered a hundred brahmanas and ten pregnant women.
mrigayayam tu banaughaih
saindhavam hayam aruhya
mrgayarthi gato 'bhavat
One day he mounted a sindhu horse and went hunting. With a flood of arrows he accidentally killed with a brown cow in that hunt.
mantri kruddho maha-khalam
One day, greedy to get his kingdom, with a sharp sword his angry minister killed him in the forest.
bhu-tale patitam mrtyu-
gatam viksya yamanugah
baddhva yama-purim ninyur
Seeing him fallen to the ground and dead, the Yamadutas came, bound him, and, joking as they went, took him to the city of Yamaraja.
sammukhe 'vasthitam viksya
papinam yama-rad bali
citraguptam praha turnam
ka yogya yanatasya vai
Seeing this sinner brought before him, powerful Yamaraja said to his scribe Chitragupta, "What is the proper punishment for him?"
sri-chitragupta uvaca catur-asiti-laksesu
Sri Chitragupta said: O great king, he should be thrown into eight million four hundred thousand hells for as long as the sun and the moon shine in the sky.
anena bharate varse
ksanam na su-krtam krtam
On the earth he did not perform a single pious deed. He killed ten pregnant women. He killed a brown cow.
tatha vana-mriganam ca
krtva hatyah sahasrasah
tasmad ayam maha-papi
He killed thousands of deer in the forest. He offended the demigods and the brahmanas. He is a great sinner.
Texts 32 and 33
tada yamajnaya duta
nitva tam papa-rupinam
tapta-taile maha-khale sphurad aty-ucchalat-phene
sadyah sitalatam gatah
Sri Narada said: Then, by Yamaraja's order, the Yamadutas took that sinner and threw him into a terrible, eight-thousand mile wide cauldron of bubbling boiling oil in the hell of Kumbhipaka. The moment that sinner came to it, the boiling oil, which was as hot as the great fires at the time of cosmic devastation, suddenly became cool.
tadaiva citram acakhyur
O king of Videha, as Prahlada was unhurt in the same situation, that sinner was not hurt by the boiling oil. Then the Yamadutas described that great wonder to noble-hearted Yamaraja.
Text 35 anena su-krtam bhumau
ksanavan na krtam kvacit
Yamaraja and Chitragupta carefully reviewed the sinner's case and concluded that while he was on the earth the sinner had not for a moment performed even a single pious deed.
sabhayam agatam vyasam
sampujya vidhivan nrpa
natva papraccha dharmatma
Then Vyasadeva arrived in that assembly. Bowing down before Him, and carefully worshiping Him, saintly and noble-hearted Yamaraja asked Vyasadeva the following question.
sri-yama uvaca anena papina purvam
na krtam su-krtam kvacit
kumbhipake maha-khale asya ksepanato vahnih
sadyah sitalatam gatah
iti sandehatas cetah
khidyate me na samsayah
Sri Yamaraja said: When a certain sinner, who had never performed even a single pious deed, was thrown into the terrible boiling oil of Kumbhipaka, the oil suddenly became cool. Because of this my mind is now tortured with doubts.
sri-vyasa uvaca suksma gatir maha-raja
tatha brahma-gatih prajnaih
Sri Vyasadeva said: O great king, the intelligent sages, who have studied all the scriptures, know that the ways of piety, sin, and spiritual progress are very subtle and difficult to understand.
Text 40 daiva-yogad asya punyam
praptam vai svayam arthavat
yena punyena suddho 'sau
tac chrnu tvam maha-mate
Somehow or other, by destiny, this sinner did perform a pious deed, and by that deed he became purified. O noble-hearted one, please hear the story of this.
kasyapi hastato yatra
tatraivayam mrtah papi
suddho 'bhut tat-prabhavatah
That sinner died in a place where from someone's hand some gopi-chandana from Dvaraka had accidentally fallen. Dying in gopi-chandana, that sinner became purified.
naro narayano bhavet
etasya darsanat sadyo
A person who wears gopi-chandana tilaka attains a spiritual form like that of Lord Narayana. Simply by seeing him one becomes free of the sin of killing a brahmana.
Texts 43 and 44
sri-narada uvaca iti srutva dharma-rajas
tam aniya visesatah
vimane kama-ge sthapya
vaikuntham prakrteh param presayam asa sahasa
evam te kathitam rajan
Sri Narada said: Hearing this, Yamaraja, who understands the glories of gopi-chandana, took the sinner, placed him a an airplane that goes anywhere one wishes, and sent him to Vaikuntha, which is above the worlds of matter. O king, thus I have described to you the glories of gopi-chandana.
yah srnoti narottamah
sa yati paramam dhama
One who hears this account of gopi-chandana's glories becomes exalted. He goes to the supreme abode of Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Taking grains on Janmastami is not helpful for going back to Godhead,but proper fasting helps one attain Krsna loka
If we however strictly avoid grains on all Visnu tattva apperance day, we get the full mercy of Krsna.
There is a pastime about Janaka Maharaja liberating those in hell, it is from Krsna Bindhu magazin and is recorded in Padma Purana:
Janaka Maharaja's Visit to Hell
Posted January 18, 2003
All glories to
The following article appeared in issue number one of Sri Krishna Kathamrita Bindu, the free fortnightly email magazine from ISKCON Gopal Jiu Publications.
Janaka Maharaja is the father of Sita and a great devotee of Lord Ramachandra. It is described in Srimad Bhagavatam (6.3.20) that he is one of the twelve great authorities on religious principles in this universe. The following story from Padma Purana (patalakhanda 18.31-77) of how Janaka Maharaja once visited hell illustrates the supreme potency of the holy name and the association with saintly persons.
Lord Ananta Sesa once narrated a wonderful account of how King Janaka visited the abode of Yamaraja. After a long life, Janaka Maharaja gave up his body through the process of yoga. A divine airplane decorated with many bells descended and Janaka Maharaja boarded it. On the way the airplane came near to the abode of Yamaraja, the lord of death. There, sinners were suffering punishment in millions of hells. When the wind that had touched the body of Janaka came to them they felt great joy and their misery disappeared. Then those persons, oppressed by sins, wanting to keep Janaka's association, began to lament. They spoke piteously to Janaka Maharaja, "O blessed one. Please do not leave. We who are greatly tormented are feeling happy due to contact with the breezes that have touched your body."
Hearing their words, the very righteous king became filled with pity and thought to himself, "If due to the touch of the breezes that have touched my body I am bringing some happiness to the residents here, then I will stay in this place. This is heaven for me."
Thinking like this, the king stayed there by the gateway to hell. After some time, Yamaraja himself, who inflicts severe torment upon sinners, came to that gateway. There he saw Maharaja Janaka, full of mercy and a doer of great meritorious deeds, standing by the doorway.
Yamaraja smiled and said to Janaka, "O king! You are sarva-dharma-siromani - the crest jewel of piety. Why have you come here? This is a place for wicked sinners who cause harm to others. Men like you who perform meritorious deeds do not come to this place. Only those persons who deceive others, who are engaged in criticizing others, and who are intent on stealing others' wealth come here. A man who abandons a religious wife who is serving him without fault comes here. One who, out of greed for wealth, deceives his friend, comes here and receives intense punishment from me."
Yamaraja then said, "Those persons who do not remember Lord Ramachandra with their mind, words, or deeds I throw into hell and have boiled. Those who have remembered the Lord of the goddess of fortune leave the sufferings of hell and quickly go to Vaikuntha.
"O very intelligent king, my servants, unable to even look at persons like you, bring those who are great sinners. Therefore you should leave this place and go enjoy many pleasures. Enter the excellent airplane and go reap the fruits of the religious merits you have earned."
Hearing the words of Yamaraja, with great compassion Janaka replied, "O lord, out of pity on these beings I shall not go to Vaikuntha. Although situated in this place, they are feeling some comfort due to the breezes blowing past my body. If you release all of these persons living in hell then I shall be happy and will proceed to Vaikuntha."
Hearing the words of Janaka, Yamaraja pointed out to him each of those living in hell and said:
"This one had sex with his friend's wife that had confided in him, therefore I am having him roasted on an iron stake for thousands of years. Afterwards he will be born as a pig. Then when he again takes birth in a human body he will be a eunuch. This one repeatedly raped the wife of another man. Therefore he will be roasted in the hell known as raurava for a hundred years. This wicked one stole the wealth of others and enjoyed it. Therefore, having cut off his hands, I shall cook him in pus and blood. This one did not honor or welcome, even with words, a guest who had come to him, oppressed by hunger. He will be dropped into the tamisra hell, which is full of fire. There, bees will torment him for a hundred years.
ayam tavam parasyoccair
nindam kurvanna lajjitah
ayam apyasrnot karnau
prerayan bahusasta tam
"This shameless person loudly criticized another. This one here, with great interest, listened to that criticism many times. Therefore these two have fallen into a dark well.
"This one, who deceived his friend, is being roasted in the hell known as raurava. After making all of these persons eat the fruit of their sins, I shall release them. O best among men who have accumulated vast amounts of religious merit, please leave this place."
Having pointed out the sinful persons, Yamaraja became quiet. With his eyes full of tears, Janaka, the great devotee of Lord Rama, said, "Tell me, how can these miserable beings quickly be set free from hell and attain happiness?"
Yamaraja replied, "These persons have never worshiped Lord Vishnu. They have never listened to the transcendental accounts of the Lord's activities. How then can they be free from hell? O great king, if you desire to release them, even though they are great sinners, then give them the following religious merit possessed by you: Once, upon getting up in the morning, you meditated with a pure heart upon Lord Raghunath [Ramachandra], who is known as maha-papa-harabhidhah — the remover of great sins. Give them the religious merit which you obtained that morning when with a pure heart you uttered, "Rama, Rama." Obtaining that merit, they will get freedom from hell."
Hearing these words of the intelligent Yamaraja, the great king Janaka gave those persons the religious merit obtained by him from his birth. Janaka said, "Let these persons be released from hell due to the religious merit earned by me from birth by the worship of Raghunath."
As soon as he said this, those persons dwelling in hell immediately were freed from their suffering condition and obtained divine bodies. They said to King Janaka, "O king, by your favor, in one moment we have been freed from miserable hell and will now go to the highest position, paramam padam."
Seeing those now-effulgent persons freed from hell, Janaka Maharaja, who desired the welfare of all living beings, was very pleased in his mind. All those persons praised the great King Janaka, the very treasure house of compassion, and went to the spiritual world.
— Translated from the Navabharat Publishers’ edition of Padma Purana, Calcutta, 1402 jyestha.
Janaka Maharaja ki jaya